The North American urban model is intertwined with the history of the automobile.  Mass production reduced costs while rising living standards for the masses in the 1950s and 1960s further increased automobile affordability.   At the same time, interstate highways–designed to allow quick movement of military and civilians in the event of war–allowed families to sprawl into the suburbs and the income earner to commute back to the city.  Mass produced houses helped make this lifestyle affordable as well.

American life became dependent not only  on the automobile but on oil as well — and not only for gasoline.  Building the thousands of miles of highways and roads required oil as a main ingredient.

Last week Ryan Avent on his Bellows blog commented on a recent discussion about what vehicle is the most eco-friendly.  Others had argued either for the Toyota Prius, an expensive gas-electric hybrid, or for the much cheaper and highly fuel efficient Corolla, putting the savings into other ecological upgrades for your home (more efficient furnaces, lighting,  etc.).

Avent suggested people consider “door number four” – no car, instead adopting a different lifestyle.

But maybe there’s yet another option! What if, instead of spending all that money on a car, you instead put it into buying or renting a home near transit.

And Avent was not blindly advocating everyone give up their cars, instead suggesting the whole auto-based paradigm needs a re-think.

Obviously, many people are going to continue to drive or have no choice but to drive….We really ought to be focusing, however, on the way that the structure of our urban areas and urban infrastructure perpetuates a costly dependence on automobiles.

His post got me thinking.  Who benefits from our current urban design complete with its automobile-focused transportation method?  The automotive and oil companies, of course.

There’s probably a good comic-tragic “conspiracy” movie in all this a la Michael Moore.  The automotive and oil industries are profitable and involve millions of jobs directly and indirectly.  They and their suppliers (including some workers groups, perhaps) may not wish to see society move away from the oil economy.  Therefore, as society gets more concerned about the combustion economy, they introduce minor improvements like a hybrid car along with great volumes of talk about their “ecologically-minded” research.  But you still need to drive on roads, and use (albeit smaller amounts) some petroleum fuel.

The auto companies could also produce pure electric cars, or hydrogen cars, or super-fuel-efficient cars but there isn’t the demand and/or infrastructure and/or regulations in North America to make some of these possible.  Experts say the technology exists to create mass-produced, affordable alternative vehicles.

By talking a lot about their future ecologically sensitive cars (while at the same time releasing ridiculous-sized SUVs), the auto companies may be finding ways to prevent voters and governments from really thinking about the viability of an automotive culture and enacting corresponding legislative and lifestyle changes.

The movie would probably end with an Al-Gore graph showing emissions rising set against polar ice melting and a cute polar bear dying from the loss of her habitat.  A tragedy that we cannot seem to avoid despite knowing it’s coming (in classical greek style).

In the non-cinematic version of the story, there is going to be some social and economic upheaval but I think some new government regulations and policy combined with market forces will gradually make North America’s cities more people-tropoli rather than car-troploli.  More on how I predict this could happen in a subsequent post.


  1. Ray says:

    Read _Getting There_ by Stephen Goddard.

    The roadbuilding, oil production and refining, motor vehicle production, and tire production companies have a conspiracy inasmuch as they want to promote and grow and protect their businesses. And they wield a lot of power in government and the consumer market and our economy is dependent upon their success to a significant degree.

    After all, they (maybe not roadbuilding quite as much these days) are part of the military industrial complex, too.

    So if Big Business just doing its thing is a conspiracy, then it’s a conspiracy. And there were indeed was some collusion for which they were found guilty but not held accountable.

    The Golden Rule in action.

    And if our representative government and our society accept this, then we get what we deserve. Why not spend a lot of our time and money paving and polluting and moving tons of excessively large metal-encased couches to live a life with a high standard of living. It’s our way of life and it must be defended!

    Or better yet, our way of life needs to adapt to the realities of the near future. SOVs I really doubt will go away, but they can certainly be made much smaller and more efficient while the cities and suburbs start to develop differently over the next few decades.

  2. Dave Atkins says:

    Another option for people is Here in Boston, zipcars are all over the place. You go online and rent a car for a few hours if you need it. This allows many people to live in the city and avoid the hassle of owning a car, but still get where they need to go when transit is not an option.

    I’m a big fan of alternatives to cars like cycling, but there are many situations where you just have to have a car…although…for the truly motivated, check out and the Dutch Bakfiets…

  3. [...] cities, but especially Phoenix, are based around the automobile (Phoenix is a good example of a car-tropolis), someone using the rail link would have to have no need for a car once they reached their [...]

  4. [...] Place Evolution »by Richard FloridaWed Dec 12th 2007 at 8:53am ESTWord of the Day Car-troplis – from Wendy Waters at All About [...]

  5. [...] prevails throughout Sprawling from Grace, Driven to Madness, a primer on the urgent need to reform our culture’s automobile-dependent ways. A who’s who of national visionaries in energy, transit, and sustainable development tell the [...]

jordan 12 cherry jordan 12 cherry jordan 12 cherry jordan 12 flu game jordan 12 flu game jordan 12 flu game jordan 12 french jordan 12 french jordan 12 french jordan 12 gym jordan 12 gym jordan 12 gym jordan 12 ovo jordan 12 ovo jordan 12 ovo jordan 12 unc jordan 12 unc jordan 12 unc jordan 12 wings jordan 12 wings jordan 12 wings